References and their sources


Where there is a downloadable copy it is from internet sources. All are over 50 years old so it is assumed that there are no copyright issues. Most have been digitised by American colleges and/or by Google for personal use but if I've infringed something let me know.

English Gilds, Toulmin Smith, Early English Text Society, 1870. A downloadable pdf copy

Two Chapters on the Mediaeval Guilds of England (Ch 1 Guilds Merchant; Ch 2 Craft Guilds), Edwin R A Seligman, American Economic Association, 1887. A downloadable copy

Gilds: Their Origin, Constitution, Objects and Later History, Cornelius Walford, Printed for Private Circulation, 1879. Here is the more comprehensive 1888 version with many counties added but unfortunately not Suffolk. Downloadable as a pdf

Two Thousand Years of Gild Life, Rev J Malet Lambert, 1891 A downloadable pdf copy

The Spirit of Association, M Fothergill Robinson, John Murray, 1913. A downloadable pdf copy

The Old Guilds of England, Frederick Armitage, Weare and Co., 1918. A downloadable pdf copy

The Parish Gilds of Mediaeval England, H F Westlake, SPCK, 1919 A downloadable pdf copy

Guilds in the Middle Ages, Georges Renard, G Bell and Sons Ltd., 1919. A downloadable pdf copy

An Historical Atlas of Suffolk, David Dymond & Edward Martin, Suffolk County Council and Suffolk Institute of Archeology and History, 1999. Parish Gilds, pp74/5.

Medieval Suffolk, Mark Bailey, The Boydell Press, 2007

The History and Antiquities of The County of Suffolk, Rev Alfred Suckling, Vol 1 (Hundreds of Wangford, Mutford and Lothingland). 1846. A downloadable copy

The History and Antiquities of The County of Suffolk, Rev Alfred Suckling, Vol 2 (Hundreds of Lothingland continued and Blything). 1846. A downloadable copy

Guilds and the Parish Community in Late Medieval East Anglia c1470-1550, Ken Farnhill, York Medieval Press, 2001. ISBN: 1 903153 05 0
Note: Suffolk mainly covered in Chapter Seven "The Guilds of Bardwell and Cratfield".

English Vernacular Houses by Eric Mercer. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. London. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1975. ISBN 0 11 700728 5


This is the
Suffolk Historic Buildings Group
Their newsletter is called "Eavesdropper" and has had some interesting articles on gildhalls over the years. Unfortunately they do not have an on-line archive but I have the kind permission from their editor to include some references with copies downloadable as .pdf files as below:

Eavesdropper No 17: Report of a Day School 27 May 2000 and an article by Patrick Taylor which is referenced several times on this site.

Eavesdropper No 32: report of a talk on Suffolk Gildhalls by Leigh Alston on 16th November 2005.

Eavesdropper No 39: about Hadleigh Guildhall.

Eavesdropper No 41: Some pictures of Guildhalls and description of Fressingfield and Laxford gildhalls.


A listing of articles in the Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History (PSIAH) relating to gilds and guilds.
Note: See below for evolution of the Institute's various names.

Downloadable papers as referenced below can be found via
here. You will have to scroll down (possibly a long way) to find the appropriate Volume from the reference to it. The search function is very good, too. If you are not a member and make use of this a donation would be appreciated.

Bloomfield J. and Northeast P., 8 September 1985; Hadleigh Guildhall and town. Vol XXXVI, part 1 (1985) - excursions.

Corder, J. S., 1890; The Guild Hall, of Corpus Christi, Lavenham. Vol VII Part 2, 113-119.

Evans, N., 1989, The Holy Ghost Gild and the Beccles Town land feoffees in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Vol XXXVII Part 1, 31-44.

Farnhill, K., 1995, A late medieval parish gild: the Gild of St Thomas the Martyr in Cratfield, c.1470-1542. XXXVIII Part 3, 261-267. (See also the reference to a book by Ken Farnhill)

Fitch, W.S., 1855, Notices of the Corpus Christi Guild, Ipswich. Vol II Part
4, 151-163.

Holland, C.G., 1965, Kelsale Guildhall (with appendix, Extent of the Manor of Kelsale 1480). Vol XXX Part 2, 129-148.

L., H., 1913, Restorations at Lavenham - The GuildHall and The Market Cross. XV Part 1, 82. (A very brief note)

Morley, C., 1926, A check-list of the sacred buildings of Suffolk, to which are added Gilds. XIX Part 2, 168-211.

Redstone, V. B., 1904, Chapels, Chantries and Gilds in Suffolk. XII Part 1, 1-87. Has abstracts of 39 gild certificates, 18 in Bury (presumably the 1389 returns). Also details of Ipswich Corpus Christi gild.

Redstone, V. B., 1937. IV. Extracts from wills and other material, showing the history of Suffolk churches, chantries and guilds (Appendix to article published in Proceedings Vol XII). XXIII Part 1, 50-78.

Statham, M., 1968, The Guildhall, Bury St. Edmunds. XXXI Part 2, 117-157.

Warren, F. E., 1901, Gild of St. Peter in Bardwell: entries referring to the Gild of St Peter, Churchwardens' account re Church of SS. Peter and Paul in Bardwell, and Townwardens' accounts re "Town" or "Charity Estate" in Bardwell - from an old MS Volume in Bardwell Parish Church. XI Part 1, 81-133.

Warren, F. E., 1901, A pre-Reformation village gild. XI Part 1, 134-147. Follows on from previous reference and is about Bardwell.

Westlake, H. F., 1921, The origin, purposes, and development of Parish Gilds in England. XVII Part 3, 163-174.

Notes on the evolution of SIAH

1845-1848: Suffolk Archaeological Association

1848-1853: Bury and West Suffolk Institute of Archaeology

1853-1868: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History, and Bury Athenaeum

1869-1954: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History

1954-1975/6: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology

1977-2000: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History